Rising global temperatures are one of the most pressing challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. As planet Earth warms, due to a combination of natural factors and human interventions, we are witnessing a series of alarming consequences.
July 2023 broke temperature records, with peaks exceeding 50 degrees in China and the USA. The situation in Europe is also worrying, just watch the news. In this article, we'll explore the causes and impacts of global warming, as well as the measures needed to tackle this crisis.
The risks of global warming
It has long been known that global warming is mainly caused by the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, including CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels. Deforestation and the destruction of natural ecosystems also contribute to increasing concentrations of these gases in the atmosphere.
The results of this cycle of carbonization of the planet are being seen on a daily basis in various corners of the world. Animal and plant species are finding it difficult to adapt to rapid climate change, which is ultimately leading to extinction. From large mammals to coral reefs, our planet's natural biodiversity is under constant attack.
But it's not just nature that is suffering. Rising global temperatures also pose a risk to human health. Extreme heat can lead to heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heatstroke, as well as increasing the spread of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.
And how can we not talk about food insecurity? Disorder in the environment has an impact on the availability of food, accentuates social inequalities and worsens the situation of the most vulnerable. The problems really do turn into a snowball. But in this case, we can change it to a fireball.
Facing the climate crisis
To combat the rise in global temperatures, comprehensive measures are needed at local, national and international level. There's no point in big organizations taking action, there's no point in countries putting pressure on themselves, there's no point in the private sector moving alone.
Governments must adopt ambitious sustainable development policies and targets. This includes renewing the energy matrix, reducing emissions and conserving natural ecosystems, among other fronts. For their part, companies need to plan to make the transition to a model that embraces sustainability.
Individual actions are also essential in this fight, and they start with raising awareness about the impact of our daily choices. Are you reading this article: do you live on automatic or have you changed your habits with a view to living in a better world?
In short, the rise in global temperatures poses an increasingly urgent and real threat to everyone. Protecting the environment means guaranteeing our very survival, and we need to act now. Only with joint efforts and decisive practices can we change this situation, building a healthier horizon for present and future generations.
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